THE WIFE OF PHARAOH
We do not have a lot of information about the
righteous woman Aasiyah bint Mazaahim, the wife of Pharaoh.
All the details that have been narrated about her are from the
Israa'eeliyyaat (stories from Jewish sources) and are not proven
in any saheeh text as far as we know.
But it seems - and Allah knows best - that
she was one of those who concealed their faith from Pharaoh,
then her secret was found out. There follow some of the things
that have been narrated about her, with some commentary:
Allah Ta'aala says: "And Allah has set
forth an example for those who believe: the wife of Fir'awn
(Pharaoh), when she said: 'My Lord! Build for me a home with
You in Paradise, and save me from Fir'awn (Pharaoh) and his
work, and save me from the people who are Zaalimoon (polytheists,
wrongdoers and disbelievers in Allah)'"
Some Ulema are of the opinion that when She
recited the Dua mentioned in the above Ayat, She immediately
passed away, the veil between Jannat and earth was opened and
She was lifted to Her abode in Jannat.
Abu Moosa al-Ash'ari Radiyallahu Anhu narrates
that Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam said: "The men who
attain perfection are many, but there are no woman who have
attained perfection apart from Aasiyah the wife of Pharaoh and
Maryam bint 'Imraan, and the superiority of 'Aa'ishah over all
other women is like the superiority of thareed* over all other
foods." (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3230; Muslim, 2431)
* Thareed - A type of food beloved to Nabi
Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam.
Ibn 'Abbaas Radiyallahu Anhu said: Nabi Sallallahu
Alaihi Wa Sallam drew four lines on the ground, then he said,
"Do you know what this is?" We said, "Allah and
His Messenger know best." The Messenger of Allah (peace
and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: "The best of
the women of Paradise are Khadeejah bint Khuwaylid, Faatimah
bint Muhammad, Aasiyah bint Mazaahim the wife of Pharaoh, and
Maryam bint 'Imraan - may Allah be pleased with them."
(Narrated by Ahmad, 2663. Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in
Saheeh al-Jaami', 1135)
Anas Radiyallahu Anhu narrates that Nabi Sallallahu
Alaihi Wa Sallam said: "Sufficient for you among the women
of the world are Maryam the daughter of 'Imraan. Khadeejah bint
Khuwaylid, Faatimah bint Muhammad and Aasiyah the wife of Pharaoh."
(Narrated and classed as saheeh by al-Tirmidhi, 3878)
Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said: Among the virtues
of Aasiyah the wife of Pharaoh is that she chose death over
royal privilege and torment in this world over the luxury in
which she was living. And her insight concerning Moosa Alaihis
Salaam was correct when she said "A comfort of the eye
for me" [al-Qasas 28:9 - interpretation of the meaning].
Fath al-Baari, 6/448
And Allah knows best.