Surah Ar-Rahman (The All-Merciful)
This Surah is Madani, and it has 78 verses and 3 sections
In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Most-Merciful
"Soon We are going to spare Ourselves for you [to reckon your deeds], 0 two heavy species! ... 55:31"
COMMENTARY: The word 'Thaqalain' (two heavy species) in the Hadith tradition refers to the two weighty and valuable things. From this point of view, Ath-Thaqalan, in the current verse, refers to the two species of Allah's creation, Jinn and human beings, because they are the weightiest and most valuable beings [possessed of soul] dwelling on earth.
Then the verse says, 'Soon We are going to spare Ourselves for you'. The verb 'Sanafrughu' is derived from 'faragh', which means to be free from occupation. The antonym of 'Faragh' is 'Shughl' [to occupy]. The word 'faragh' informs us of two things:
1. One which was occupied with something; and
2. One who has become free from that occupation.
This type of 'farigh' is common in human beings. However, neither of these senses apply to Allah. He is above them. Surely, nothing will occupy Allah from attending to anything else, nor does He become free or unoccupied like human beings do. Therefore, the verb 'Sanafrughu' [We are going to spare Ourselves to you] is employed as a metaphor. This metaphorical use of the word is common in human speech. This expression is used to show the importance of some work: 'We are now free to attend to you, being fully focused on you'. Anyone who fully focuses attention on any work, idiomatically it is said that 'he has no other work or he has nothing else to do'.
In a verse preceding this , it was mentioned that the earthly beings ask for their specific needs, such as sustenance, health and welfare, and comfort; and forgiveness, mercy and Paradise. The celestial beings need Allah's mercy, grace and forgiveness which surround them all the time. From this point of view, Allah is, every moment, in a state of characteristic manifestation of His Divinity and Divine Attributes. The verse sanafrughu [We are going to spare Ourselves for you ... ] indicates that on the Day of Judgement all petitions, their acceptance and acting on them will come to an end. Of all the manifestations, there shall remain only one manifestation and that is taking account of deeds and passing judgement with absolute justice and equity. [Ruh]
... to be continued ...