In the Name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Most Merciful
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Monday, 04 February 2019 / 28 Jumadal Ula 1440 AH
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Surah Ar-Rahman (The All-Merciful)
This Surah is Madani, and it has 78 verses and 3 sections
In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Most-Merciful
"Every one who lives on it (the earth) has to perish, and your Lord's Countenance will remain, full of majesty, full of honour... 55:26-27..."
COMMENTARY: (...your Lord's Countenance... 55:27). The word Wajh [Face], according to majority of the exegetes, stands for the 'Being of Allah'. The attached second person pronoun in rabb-i-ka [=your Lord] refers to the Messenger of Allah. It is a great honour for him that he should be remembered by Allah in special ways when praising him, as for instance, 'abduhu' (His servant). Here, Allah, the Lord of Lords, declares His direct special relationship with the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and addresses him thus: 'rabb-i-ka' [your Lord].
According to the well-known exegetes, the verse purports to convey that since everything [including jinn and humankind] dwelling on earth will be reduced to nothing, and the heavenly bodies all brought to naught, and the whole material universe made non-existent, still human reason demands that there should be a Being who should remain and who should never die. Such a Being is Allah Who created the whole universe and Who is the First and the Final Cause of all things. He alone will abide because He is Self-Subsisting, All-Sustaining, Independent and Besought of all.
The word 'fana' has two possible meanings:
1. Everything is potentially subject to decay and death and is eventually destined to perish, having no capacity for permanence and immortality; and
2. All things will actually pass away on Doomsday.
Other exegetes have interpreted the phrase 'your Lord's Countenance' to mean 'your side', that is, out of all existent beings only those things will attain permanence that are on the side of Allah. This includes the Being of Allah and His Attributes. It also includes the actions and conditions of Allah's creation that remain firmly attached to Allah and is never separated from Him in any situation. In sum, the verse means: 'Everything that man, jinn and angels do for Allah's pleasure will remain under His care and protection and as such will attain permanence, never to perish.' This interpretation is supported by another verse: (What is with you shall end and what is with, Allah shall last .... 16:96) The phrase 'what is with you' refers to 'wealth and power, comfort and discomfort, love and hatred'. All these states and matters are transitory and must perish. The phrase 'what is with Allah' refers to 'man's actions and states which remain firmly attached to Allah and is never separated from Him in any situation are destined to last, never to perish. Allah, the Pure and Most Exalted, knows best!
~ MA'AARIFUL QUR'AAN ~
TO BE CONTINUED...
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